Overall Indian population in Australia is 460,000 which is 1.9% of the Australia’s total population (as per ancestry, 2016).
As per Census 2016 data, Indian population in Australia has grown to around 460,000, up from 295,362 recorded in Census 2011. Due to Melbourne’s overall popularity, it has been the top destination for Indian migrants. The 2016 distribution by state and territory showed Victoria (Melbourne) had the largest number of Indians with 169,802 followed by New South Wales at 143,459.
Indian population in Victoria has grown from 111,787 to 169,802 and in NSW has gone up from 95,387 to 143,459.
Queensland has Indian population of 49,145 and Western Australia has indian population of 49,385.
Census 2016 registered 27,594 people born in India in South Australia, 10,414 Indians in ACT and 3,598 people in Northern Territory. Tasmania has the smallest Indian population in Australia at 1,980 people.
Australia’s migrant population is relatively large when compared with other Western nations. Taken as a proportion of the population, Australia has a larger migrant population than does New Zealand (23%), Canada (21%), the United States of America (13%) and the United Kingdom (13%). Out of Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) nations, only Luxemburg (42%), Israel (31%) and Switzerland (28%) have larger proportionate migrant populations.
Patterns of Indian settlement in Sydney
Indian-born migrants were the third largest population group in Sydney (87,000 people in 2011 or 2.4% of Sydney’s total population).
Suburbs where Indian-born migrants were most densely concentrated tend to be situated in the wider Parramatta area including Harris Park (43%), Westmead (32%), and Parramatta (24%). Nearby suburbs of Wentworthville (19%), Girraween (17%), and Rosehill (16%) also had large proportions of their population born in India.
In the last decade, the proportion of the population of Harris Park born in India more than tripled from 14% to 43% (an increase from 500 to 2,000 Indian-born people between 2001 and 2011). In Westmead, the increase was even greater, from 7% in 2001 to 32% in 2011 (from 700 to 4,200 Indian-born people). These increases reflect the wider increase seen in the Indian-born population across Sydney (and Australia) during this period, with the proportion born in India growing from 1.0% to 2.4% of Sydney’s population between 2001 and 2011.
WHERE DO THEY LIVE?
Most live in urban areas
In comparison to people born in Australia, migrants show a tendency to settle in major urban areas of Australia. While 64% of Australian-born people lived in a major urban area of Australia in 2011, 85% of those born overseas lived in a major urban area.
The extent to which migrants settled in urban areas differs by their country of birth. In 2011, some of the most urbanised population groups in Australia were migrants born in Somalia (98%), Lebanon (97%), Macau (97%), and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (97%). Migrants born in nations like China (97%), Vietnam (97%), Greece (95%) and India (93%) were also highly urbanised.
Patterns of Indian settlement in Melbourne
Indian-born migrants were the second largest overseas-born population group in Melbourne comprising 3% of the city’s total population. The number of Indian-born migrants living in Melbourne grew considerably over the past decade, more than tripling from 29,000 people in 2001 to 105,000 people in 2011.
Melbourne suburbs where Indian migrants made up relatively large proportions of the population were spread across many areas of the city. In the south-west, relatively large populations were found in Laverton and Williams Landing (both 15%). Glen Huntly (15%) to the city’s south-east, Albion (15%) in the west and Sydenham (11%) in the far north-west also had relatively large Indian populations, as did Clayton South (15%), Dandenong (12%) and Springvale (11%) further out in the south east.